Frontier Hotel and Casino
On September 22, Howard Hughes buys the ''New Frontier'' (originally, from 1942 to 1955, ''Last Frontier''), and shortens its name in ''Frontier.''

Publicly Traded Corporation Enter the Gaming Business
A Nevada law allows publicly traded corporations to obtain gambling licenses. The law will be refined in 1969.

Star Weddings in Las Vegas
On May 1, Elvis Presley, 32, marries Priscilla Anne Beaulieu, 21, in the Aladdin chapel.
This May, also Ann-Margaret Olson, performer at the Dunes Hotel and television star, marries Roger Smith at the Riviera.
Moreover, movie and television star Leslie Ann Warren marries her hairdresser Jon Peters, which later will become a Hollywood producer, at the Sahara. They will separate twice in 1971.

Las Vegas Population update
By July 1, Las Vegas will count 269,000 inhabitants.

The Colonels' Coup in Greece
Former Greek premier Georgios Papandreou, removed 2 years ago by King Constantine, is expected to win again elections, together with his center-left coalition.
However, on April 21, a military putsch led by Colonel George Papadopoulos brings Greece into a dictatorship, called the ''colonels' regime'', that will last seven years.
The new regime is condemned by most European governments, but is supported by United States, concerned about the possibility that, under Papandreou, Greece could decide to exit from NATO.

Six-Day War
In Middle East, with the formation of the State of Israel, thousands of Palestinians have been forced to move into nearby sates, creating frictions between Israel and Arab states.
In response to guerrilla actions of Palestinian groups, supported by Syria, Israel moves troops to the border with Syria. Thus, Egyptian president Gamal Abdal Nasser plans an invasion of Israel.
But Israel strikes first, on June 5, destroying the Egyptian air force, and occupying the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, and some Jordan territory. The war will formally end on June 11.

The Tragedy of Biafra
In May, the region of Biafra tries secession from Nigeria. Nigeria reacts deciding a blockade of the whole region, which hits mostly civilians, and children in particular.
Many governments support Nigeria, fearing that Biafra's secession is taken as a model for other secessions in Africa. More than one million people will die of starvation, while humanitarian aids will be minor.

The First Heart Transplant
Christian Barnard, in Cape Town, South Africa, attempts the first heart transplant. For this very complex operation he is supported by a team of 30 assistants.
The heart, extracted from the body of Denise Darvall, a 25-year-old woman killed in a car accident, is transplanted to Louis Washkansky, 55-year old.
The transplant itself is technically successful, but Washkansky will die, 18 days later, of pneumonia. Thanks to the media coverage, Dr. Barnard will become very popular worldwide.

Towards the Unified Field Theory
Physicists Steven Weinberg and Abdus Salam, independently, present a theory that describes, under the same theoretical framework, electromagnetic and weak forces.
Electromagnetism includes all electric and magnetic phenomena, while weak forces rule radioactive decays. Together with strong forces and gravitation, they constitute the four forces known in nature.
After about ten years, also strong forces will be unified with electromagnetic and weak forces. In 1979, Weinberg, Salam, Glashow will share the Nobel for physics.

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