1953
THIS YEAR IN LAS VEGAS ...

WHILE IN THE WORLD ...

The Las Vegas Race Track
On September 26, one of the best race tracks in the United States open north of the Las Vegas Convention Center. It is called ''the Saratoga of the West''.
What makes this racetrack really unique is that this is the only race track offering also slot machines.

Rita Hayworth's marriage
On September 24, Hollywood star Rita Hayworth, born Margarita Carmen Cansino, get married to the vocalist Dick Haymes.
The wedding takes place at the Sands Hotel and Casino.
They will divorce at the end of 1955.

Opening of The Algiers
The Algiers opens this year. This 110-room motel is located close to the Thunderbird.

The death of Stalin
On March 5, Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin dies after a brain hemorrhage, at the age of 73. He has led the Soviet Union for almost 30 years.
Under Stalin's dictatorship, Soviet Union has experienced a relevant military and industrial expansion, but has also seen mass murders under the name of Communism.
Right after Stalin's death, a triumvirate composed by Malenkov, Beria and Molotov will govern Soviet Union.

The end of Korean War
Although the peace talks have already started in 1951, the Korean War has been continuing, with North Korea and Communist China on one side, and South Korea and USA on the other.
The main issues were the border between South and North Korea, and the fate of prisoners. North Korea wants all its prisoners back, but only part of them agree to return.
On July 27, the armistice is finally signed. The war has left behind about four million casualties, mostly among North and South Korean and Chinese troops.

The structure of DNA
In April, Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish on the scientific journal Nature the results of their studies on the deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA.
Interpreting X-ray diffraction images, Crick and Watson show that this molecule is a double helix. For it, in 1962 they will receive the Nobel Prize for medicine.

The conquer of Everest
On May 29, Edmund Hillary, from New Zealand, together with Nepalese Sherpa guide Tenzing Norkay, reaches the top of Mount Everest.
This is the highest point of the Earth, at 29,028 feet above sea level. In the last part of their ascent, Hillary and Norkay have used bottled oxygen.
Before this expedition, many attempts have been unsuccessful, and have often ended with the death of the climbers.

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