1941
THIS YEAR IN LAS VEGAS ...

WHILE IN THE WORLD ...

The First Hotel on the Strip
On April 3, Thomas E. Hull opens El Rancho Vegas. It is located on the Los Angeles Highway (also called Highway 91), south-west of Las Vegas.
El Rancho, with its 63 rooms, is a western themed resort, and will open the path to all theme resorts that in the future will appear in Las Vegas.
In the next years, many other resorts will be opened on the Los Angeles Highway that will be known as ''The Strip.''

El Cortez
The luxurious hotel El Cortez, valued $250,000, opens in the downtown area.

The Las Vegas Army Air Field
On January 25, the U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps open the Las Vegas Army Air Field.
Starting from 1950 it will be known as Nellis Air Force Base.

The End of Block 16
With the opening of the Air Force Base, the brothels of Block 16 are finally forced to close.
Block 16, located one block north of Fremont Street on First Street, had become the red light district shortly after Las Vegas was founded.

The Death of McWilliams
J.T. McWilliams, the founder of the original Las Vegas town site, dies of a heart attack.
He had the intelligence to foresee the strategic importance of Las Vegas, but also had the misfortune to find on his way Senator W.A. Clark.

Operation Barbarossa
On June 22, Hitler orders his troops to invade Soviet Union. The campaign, known with the code name of Operation Barbarossa, involves three million German soldiers, and extends to a front of about 3,000 km.
The invasion was planned to take just two months, but the resistance of the Soviet troops and civilians succeeds in slowing down the invasion army. The Russians prefer to burn their homes and food, instead of leaving them to the enemy.
The Nazi army succeeds in capturing about half of the Soviet troops. However, the Russians will find in the winter a precious allied, and their counterattack starts in December.

The attack on Pearl Harbor
On the morning of Sunday, December 7, the Japan air force suddenly attacks the American naval base located at Pearl Harbor, in the Pacific Ocean.
Japanese pilots severely hit eight battleships, four of which will sink, together with other eleven ships. Almost two hundred planes, still on the airport ground, are destroyed.
America is shocked, also because the raid has taken place while Japan was not yet formally in war with United States. Hitler is enthusiast of this success, and a few days after declares war to the United States.

The use of penicillin
Thirteen years after its discovery by Alexander Fleming, penicillin finally passes from laboratories to the everyday life, showing its unique capability of killing bacteria.
This year Florey and Heatley start with success the testing on humans of this antibiotic. Heatley was famous for having found an efficient method to extract penicillin.
One of its first mass applications of this drug is to cure a venereal disease common among World War II soldiers.

The television reaches America
On July 1, both National Broadcasting Company (NBC) and Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) start their regular transmission of the first American commercial programs.
Regular television broadcasting had initiated in 1935 in Germany and in 1936 in the United Kingdom.
In the past years, various experimental TV stations have appeared in the United States, but television becomes a mature technology only after the Federal Communications Commission decides the standard to use.

The death of McWilliams
J.T. McWilliams, the founder of the original Las Vegas town site, dies of a heart attack.
He had the intelligence to foresee the strategic importance of Las Vegas, but had the misfortune to find on his way Senator W.A. Clark.

What happened in the LV's site in the years before 1905? View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line View Decade's Time line The Future of Las Vegas
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